Is there a difference between detox and withdrawal management? Professional organizations and clinicians believe so and have recently replaced the term “detox” with the term “withdrawal management.” They recognize that these two processes are not the same thing and that the term detox can be misleading.
Clarifying the Differences Between Detox and Withdrawal Management
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that there are technical issues with continuing to use the terms detox and detoxification to describe the withdrawal process. As such, they decided to describe the process as withdrawal management. The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) has followed suit.
They sum it up like this:
“The liver performs detoxification and clinicians manage withdrawal symptoms.”
The ASAM has formally applied the term to all of their publications with references to recovering from substance use disorders.
Let’s take a look at the difference between detox and withdrawal management to understand better why there needs to be a distinction between the two.
Understanding the Detoxification Process
Detoxification, or detox, refers to the cleansing of toxins from the body. Of course, the liver performs this process naturally every day by eliminating waste products and foreign substances from the blood. This natural detoxification occurs in healthy individuals and even some people who are using a drug or medication.
Ultimately, withdrawal symptoms appear when a drug of abuse is not replenished. This syndrome happens because the body has adapted to the presence of the addictive substance. Therefore, if the drug is withheld, the system is thrown out of balance. As a result, the symptoms can manifest as physical or emotional consequences.
Why Withdrawal Management is Necessary
Withdrawal management refers to the psychological and medical processes that can become life-threatening depending on the drug involved and the severity of the addiction. Of course, some people have successfully overcome drug abuse on their own, but this is not recommended in most instances.
Some of the withdrawal symptoms that require medical intervention include:
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea that can lead to dehydration
- Anxiety, aggressiveness
- Confusion, disorientation
- Rapid heart rate
- Increased blood pressure
- Difficulty breathing
- Shakes, tremors, muscle cramping
- Seizures, coma
Of course, the duration and intensity of withdrawal symptoms vary depending on the person’s physical health and the drug involved.
Other factors that indicate the need for professional withdrawal management include co-occurring mental health issues such as:
- bipolar disorder
- major depressive disorder
- personality disorders
- severe alcoholism
Individuals with these dual-diagnosis issues are advised against going through withdrawal without medical intervention. In many cases, it has resulted in self-harm, injury, or death as a result of these conditions.
During withdrawal management, patients are monitored 24/7 by a team of addiction specialists and medical personnel. Accordingly, the goal is to ensure a safe, effective withdrawal process that prepares the individual for the next phase of treatment.
What Comes Next?
After undergoing withdrawal management, the individual should enter a professional rehabilitation program. Rehab addresses the underlying causes of the addiction with a variety of counseling and skills training classes. Furthermore, patients learn more effective methods for coping and overcoming daily stressors that played a role in their drug use.
Recovering addicts are specifically advised to take advantage of an aftercare program after completing rehab. Overall, these programs provide continuing advice, support, and guidance as the person attempts to reintegrate into society as a sober person. Sober living homes are also an excellent resource for recovering addicts.
Learn More About the Difference Between Detox and Withdrawal Management
When a person fears detox and withdrawal, they often avoid seeking help for their addiction, and many lives have been lost. For this reason, if you know someone who is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, help them learn the facts and overcome their fear of treatment. Contact us today at our toll-free number to learn more about the difference between detox and withdrawal management. All in all, this knowledge could save a life.
asam.org – The ASAM Criteria
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov – Clinical Guidelines for Withdrawal Management and Treatment of Drug Dependence in Closed Settings